Selection of Flowers
Before, we go along trying to pot flowers we need to know a little bit about the types of flowers that exist. Generally, flowers are divided into two categories: Annual & Perennial.
Annual flowers complete the whole process from potting to blooming over the course of a year, which means that they die at the end of the growing season and need to be repotted at the beginning of every new season. Annuals grow fast and if you feel the need for establishing a pretty garden in a hurry then annuals are the way to go. Annuals require more care and cultivation than perennials. They make for a full lush garden but at the cost of extra work, not to forget the fact that they die at the end of the year.
Perennials are flowers that bloom every year and need not be repotted. This gives them an edge over annual flowers in that you don’t have to repeat the whole process from potting, nurturing and finally blooming every year. Once potted, they can live for years in your garden. They are easier to pot and to cultivate as compared to annuals but, don’t bloom in every season. After potting, a perennial might take up to a year to bloom flowers. However, gardeners often look forward to their favorite perennials blooming depending on the season.
Ingredients of a Healthy Flower:
Every flower has some basic needs, the most important of all is that it needs to bloom, just like all living things in general, albeit in a symbolic way. It needs nutrition and water of course, but most of all it needs sunlight. If you are planning to grow flowers in your home, you need to know what the setting available in your potential garden is like. Here are some rudimentary tips that should help you.
- Energy is the food of all things alive. We need it one way or another. Due to the genius of photosynthesis, plants convert sunlight directly into energy. But as with us, undereating and overeating are both harmful for the plant. With that in mind, it is advisable to have 6-8 hours of sunlight available for most flowers to bloom. Make sure there are plenty of photons beaming down on your little organic soldiers.
- The soil is the second most crucial thing that a plant needs. It is where it gets the rest of the energy from. The soil cannot be too sandy. But, too sticky is not good either. As with the sunlight, moderation is key. Make sure the soil in your future slice of heaven is rich in organic matter and is somewhere in the middle of sandy and sticky. Plants need this to lay roots and stay healthy, which makes finding the right consistency a key practice.
Finally, we are at the part where we learn about the flowers for all different seasons. We are going to pick 4 flowers for each season to give you a well-rounded list of options to pick from and cultivate yourself. Wherever there is an essential process of gardening involved, we will explain what it means and how to do it. Let’s begin, shall we?
This beautiful perennial was the source for a lot of art and culture in the Victorian Era of Europe. It blooms every year in summer and needs plenty of sun. Make sure to not keep it in a shaded area. Only if it is very hot outside do you need to think of placing it in slight shade, the temperature being an issue here, not the sunlight. Dahlias bloom for a full 120 days and are absolutely stunning to behold, which makes them the first option on our summer list. They require a pH of 6.5-7 in your soil, slightly acidic. The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter. If you are creating a bed of Dahlias, it is best to keep them 9-12 inches apart. Using a bit of bone-meal as fertilizer before planting in the tuber can go a long way. Dahlias are tuberous and grow out of large tubers; when you lay them in the soil make sure they are not wrinkled and have a bit of green. This means they are ready to grow. No need to water them until the plant starts to show, overwatering is the death of Dahlia as they don’t really need a lot of moisture.
Also known as Tithonia rotundifolia, this pretty little flower is an excellent summer flower. It attracts butterflies too! They need a lot of sunlight. They don’t need any fertilizer and reseed themselves quite efficiently. Pot them in moderately organic soil and make sure that it is well-drained. Also known as the “Torch”, this flower produces vivid red and sometimes orangish flowers. It grows best in hot weather. This annual blooms at the end of summer and needs little maintenance, which makes them a hot favorite for summer gardens. Makes sense, because Tithonia rotundifolia likes it hot!
Another summer flower, Calendula is known for soldiering through to even early frost sometimes. Providing a vibrant orange and yellow color to your summer and even fall garden, these brilliant flowers are also known as potted marigolds. These annuals are edible and have several medicinal properties. Their petals are good for your skin and eating the leaves adds a bit of zest to your summer salads as they are spicy. They can grow in partial shade as well as a full sun. They grow within 45-60 days of seeding. Ample liquid fertilizer is good for getting beautiful big specimens. The soil needs to be rich in compost and moisture. Because of their toughness through the late fall season and their edible medicinal qualities, they are an all-around good flower to have in your garden.
Also known as the California Poppy, this pretty flower is a perennial. It comes in a variety of colors such as pink, red, orange, cream and yellow. It is a low maintenance flower like most perennials are and requires very little watering and no fertilizer. It blooms from early summer to early fall. Even though it is from California, it can grow in any warm climate as long as there is ample sunshine and minimal watering. From the moment they are sowed, the seeds take up to 15 days to germinate making this a quick and easy addition to your garden during the summer season. Having abundant leaves, it also provides lush foliage to offset the vibrant colors in your summer garden.
Also known as the “Balloon Flower”, this beautiful blue bloom is perfect for the receding hot summer and the cool fall breeze. The flower is known by the name of Platycodon grandflorus scientifically. Growing in partial sun or shade, this flower is a favorite among children. The balloon-like bulb which forms before blooming is fun to pop open. They require quite a good bit of moisture and need to be maintained accordingly. These peace-loving perennials do not like being disturbed as they have quite an extensive trap root and grow best when left alone once potted, barring periodic maintenance.
Also known as Autumn Asters, these little pink-lavender flowers provide excellent compliments to any ornamental grass you might have growing in your fall garden. They grow quickly in ample sunlight and need a well-drained soil. They need moisture but not too much. They grow best when the soil is only temporarily moist and dry by nightfall. They need fertilizing as well. Being perennials, you do not need to do anything excessively and they usually bloom within the first year of planting. A flower for the years, this perennial will offset your grass year after year, once you plant it and get the hang of maintaining it.
These brilliantly blue beauties are known for their color in fall gardens. Even though they require a fast-draining soil they tend to be very hard. There is a color within gardening circles which is hard to find in the flowering world, which is “clear blue”. This flower is one of few that comes close to that clarity of blue. Moreover, it also produces a beautiful lavender fragrance which is often underappreciated in comparison to its appearance. Growing all the way till winter starts, these blue flowers are the pride of any self-respecting fall gardener.
Heliopsis helianthoides literally translates to sunflower-like. And these sun-like blossoms are exactly that. They look just like sunflowers but are not sunflowers. In fact, sometimes they look so symmetrical as to even look prettier than their namesake itself. Heliopsis flowers require little to no maintenance. Once seeded, they grow quickly in fast-draining soil like most perennials. They are also very good at reseeding, so there might be a need for curbing their growth if they get too abundant. These little false sunflowers are a perfect compliment to the blue and purple that usually pervades fall gardens. And what’s more? They attract butterflies easily, so your fall garden gets even more color splashed in.
Come winter, Cinerarias are seen across gardens as they add such a vibrant dash of pink, blue, red, orange, and bi-colored varieties that it is hard to miss them. These flowers come in so many different colors, that you could potentially have a garden just filled with one of each color and it would look like an extremely fancy bouquet. It takes 10-15 days for the seeds to germinate, which it is important to remember to keep uncovered as they require a lot of sunlight to germinate. They are used as outdoor annuals as they are very fragile and need to be repotted once they die after blooming. This makes them a high-maintenance flower but with colors that pretty, it is more than worth it.
Also known as Bellis Perennis, these little daisies are popular in winter gardens. They prefer shade to sunlight, but a little bit of sunlight is necessary. These perennials are extremely low-maintenance. They do not need much watering or fertilizer. They can be planted in poor soil and, in fact, prefer a low-nutrient soil in comparison to a highly organic soil. Due to their high adaptability and low-maintenance, they can sometimes pop up in people’s gardens under certain conditions. This has caused them to be labeled as a weed, but, in their defense, they are perfect to grow if you are busy and not really able to cultivate flowers with as much care as is needed with some flowers. A beautiful shade of white, they compliment the weather of a brisk winter’s morning.
After England, it is Iceland’s turn to contribute to a winter garden. These elegant little flowers are excellent to create some standalone eye-catchers in your winter garden. With tall stems that have no leaves, these flowers really look lonely, but beautiful sitting in your garden during a cold winter. They range in colors from pink, orange, yellow, white, salmon, cream to red. A handful of these in your garden can create a pleasing contrast with the other winter flowers as most of them come with a good bit of foliage. They need a lot of sun and a light well-draining soil.
Technically not a flower, this cabbage relative sure looks like one and is very popular in winter gardens. Its color is what sets it apart from any other flower on this list. They have a very mossy light green color to the outer edges of the spiral and the inside becomes light pink. During winter, the colors become highly pronounced and it is hard to look away. Sitting on the ground, these plants don’t grow too tall and need plenty of sunlight. They should be planted as soon as possible for their development to be complete by the time winter rolls around. They should be fed with fertilizer every two weeks. Fish emulsion is a popular choice for fertilizer. They also need a lot of water, but apart from these three things, there is not much to do for the Ornamental Kale except sit back and admire the pretty colors of your winter garden on the cool winter morning with a refreshing cup of hot cocoa.
This annual flower is the go-to choice for the first bloom of spring. As soon as spring blossoms, so do the pansies. With so many different colors expressed in their petals, these little flowers are as cute as their name. Pansies like sun but not heat. So, they are best kept where there is plenty of sunlight and only during cool weather. They need to be planted 6-8 weeks prior to blooming, so a winter sowing of the seeds is advisable. Make sure to give them lots of water and feed good fertilizer as well on a periodic basis. They come in blue, purple, red, orange, pink and yellow. They attract butterflies as they are filled to the brim with nectar and this always adds a bit of flair to any garden.
These flowers are considered to be special by many that believe in the power of trinities. The Trillium flower has groupings of three petals, three leaves, and three sepals. They are also sometimes referred to as the “Trinity Flower”. They come in white, yellow, red, and other varieties of color depending on where you are. They are commonly found on forest floors as they are not very hard to grow. They require partial shade, a moist well-drained soil, and rich organic matter. They are perennials that bloom in spring and once potted are there to stay. Ranging in hardiness between the 40 different breeds available, make sure to know which one you are getting so that you can pot them accordingly. Some breeds are also endangered, so make sure to check that as well. They are well worth it, because of their unique appearance.
Sanguinaria canadensis as it is scientifically known is a beautiful white flower that has no leaves. This gives it a very dignified elegance that only a few other flowers have. They are low-maintenance flowers that once potted need very little care. The reason it is named so is because of the deep-red sap that is produced by its stem and roots. It looks just like blood and is often used to make dyes of pink, orange, and red. It has been used medicinally in some places over the centuries and that just adds to its charm. These perennials need moist soil and regular watering, a least twice a week. They don’t need much sun and can be placed in the shaded part of your spring garden. Beginning in the second year, they need to be fed some fertilizer. They self-propagate, and you don’t need to do much to make sure there is more of them unless you only want one, in which case it is necessary to collect the seeds before they germinate!
These beautiful flowers are a popular spring addition to gardens. They are known for their delightful fragrance. Nothing says spring like the fragrance of beautiful flowers wherever you look. It does well under a full sun but can do with the partial sun as well. It requires a neutral to the slightly alkaline soil as far as pH balance is concerned. They are expressed in blue, purple, red, white, yellow, and pink. The color of purple lilacs is the origin for the name of the color lilac, which is a variant of purple. They are hard and easy to maintain. They can grow pretty tall with the tallest ones reaching 15 feet. They need at least 6 hours of sunlight so make sure to not put them under shade. Pot these precious flowers and enjoy the haunting fragrance that they emanate.
And, with that our list of four flowers for each season ends. In total there are 16 flowers mentioned here, some are perennials, some annuals. Some are fragrant, some not, some are expressed in several colors, some just come in their own distinct color. Some are hard to maintain, while others are easy-going. The variety is intentional as we wanted to give you enough options to choose from for your all seasons garden. You can plant different flowers at different times and manage them individually instead of having to deal with a full garden all the time. Or, you can also just have a garden for one season when you have the most time and leave the other seasons be. Especially with perennials, you don’t need to replant them so once potted, you can just relax and let them bloom every year whenever they choose to.
Flowers bring smells and color to one’s garden and are a constant reminder that there is beauty in nature, wherever you look. They also attract butterflies and other life to your house, giving a feeling of being in nature. A little slice of a forest, if you will. In an increasingly industrialized world, it is important to reconnect with nature sometimes and planting a nice little garden in your backyard is the best way to do it. Just keep in mind that not all flowers grow at the same time and you will need to work a bit to see them bloom. We have given you a basic understanding here, but if you really are serious about growing flowers and having a seasonal garden in your house, you can read botanical texts to know exactly when to plant the flowers and how to deal with their maintenance once they have been potted.
Yes, you will have to get your hands dirty, but what is the fun of having a garden if you didn’t grow it yourself? So, put on those gardening plants, order up some seeds from any of the flowers mentioned above and build your own seasonal garden. All you need to keep in mind is the basic needs of these beauties and they will reward you with their abundant gifts. Happy gardening!