Composting is a method of breaking down leftover food wastes, to make compost, which is good for keeping your soil healthy so that new plants will grow from it.
Get ready for a healthy backyard. It’s now simpler than ever to create your own compost. Compost is a nutrient-rich combination of decomposed organic materials that works wonders for plants.
Additionally, it’s a great way to recycle unwanted or leftover items—think kitchen scraps, garden clippings, and dry leaves.
To make compost, you’ll need a compost bin. And luckily, we’ve brought you the easiest way to make one, what all you need is a trash can and a drill.
We’ve also mentioned some important composting tips and tricks to help you get started
Composting is the best way to make use of the things in your fridge that you don’t use anymore, thus eliminating waste. Keep a big container in your kitchen, like a croc or a bucket, to collect your composting materials. If you do not have buy one, you can also make outdoor and indoor homemade compost bin. Gather all these materials to begin your compost pile right.
• Fruit scraps
• Vegetable scraps
• Coffee grounds
• Grass and plant clippings
• Dry leaves
• Finely chopped wood and bark chips
• Shredded newspaper
• Sawdust from untreated wood
Think twice before collecting garlic and onions to your compost bin. It is said that these vegetables repel worms, which are the main part of your garden.
What not to compost?
Using these items to compost can make your compost smell bad and attract pests and animals. Avoid using these items for a good compost pile:
• Diseases plant materials
• Anything contains oil, fat, meat or grease
• Chips or sawdust from pressure-treated wood
• Weeds that go to seed
• Cat or dog feces
• Dairy products
1- Combine Green and Brown Materials
To make your own successful compost pile, wait until you get materials to make a pile at least 4 feet deep. You are going to combine your green items, with your brown dry items. Strat creating your organic compost pile, alternating green and brown items.
Strat creating your organic compost pile, alternating green and brown items. If your compost pile seems too wet and smells, then add a more brown item to it. If you observe it looks very dry and brown, adds water and green items to make it quite moist.
2- Water your pile
Spray water over the pile repeatedly so it picks up the texture of a damp sponge. Don’t include much water, otherwise, the microbes in your pile will become wet and drown. If this goes on, your pile will break down in place of compost.
Control the temperature of your pile with a thermometer to make sure the components are perfectly decomposing. Or, just get into the midst of pile with your hand. Your compost pile should feel lukewarm.
3- Stir Up Your Pile
During the cultivating period, you should give the pile with oxygen by twisting it once a while with a backyard fork. The finest time to swing the compost is when the center of the pile gets warm or when a thermometer shows between 130 and 150 degrees F.
Stirring up the pile will make it cook quicker and avoids material from becoming matted down and building up a bad smell.
At this point, the layers have provided their purpose of building equal amounts of brown and green materials throughout the pile, so mix thoroughly.
4- Feed the garden
When the compost pile no longer receives heat and becomes drown, dry, it’s fully cooked means ready to feed your garden. Dd around 4-5 inches of compost to your plants, flowers beds at the starting of each planting season.
Adding compost to your backyard, the garden will not only fertilize but also feeds your soil with a wide assortment of microorganism and nutrients that will boost plant growth. Compost also increases the stability of soil, improve drainage system and helps retain moisture.
How to make a compost bin?
What You Need?
• Plastic storage bin
• Eighteen gallons
• Larger Drill & sharp drill bits
• Yard waste
• Kitchen scraps
• shredded newspaper
• Wire mesh, if you are drilling large holes
Get a plastic storage bin; they are easily accessible just about everywhere, and most of us have at least one of them in our garage. The bigger the size of the storage the better.
Rember, the container you decide to use for composting must be smaller than 18 gallons and must have a lid. Otherwise, the nutrient-filled liquid will just get wasted.
Prepare the bin:
You require to have air circulating near your compost to push it to break down faster. To deal with this in a plastic bin, you will have to dig small holes in the bin. Drill them one or two inches apart. If you make use of a large spade drill bit, you might need to line the interior of the plastic bin with wire mesh to keep rodents out.
Place the bin in the convenient spot:
As this bin is small in size, this will fit anywhere. Keeping your bin in the porch or balcony will work just great. If you have enough of space, consider putting it around the kitchen door so that you can easily compost kitchen scraps.
Benefits of composting
Compost is and organic fertilizer equipped with nutrients that plants naturally required to grow strong and healthy. Additionally, to helping curb the require for fertilizer, also helps retain moisture in the soil. Read below to know the remarkable benefits offered by composting.
Compost reduces greenhouse gases
When food waste passes to landfills, it cannot dissolve quickly and produces methane, a greenhouse gas. Composting these organic components that have been switched from landfills reduces the production of methane into the ecosystem. The great amount of methane gas in our environment is a noted contributor to global warming.
Compost improves soil quality
Composting is acknowledged to reproduce poor soil by improving the production of useful microorganisms, which later split down organic matter to form humus. Humus helps absorb moisture and typically boost the nutrient matter in the soil.
As a result, food produced in composted soil has shown to accommodate more nutrients and be more favorable to eat
Compost helps control erosion
Compost has been known to prevent erosion on embankments that are parallel to lakes, creeks, and rivers, and lessen turf on hillsides, roadsides, golf courses, and playing fields.
Compost saves money
These days water is at a premium and composted soil lessen down the amount of water consumed by trees and plants. Composting can even reduce pests and plant diseases, reducing the need for expensive fertilizers and chemicals.
Types of Composting
On-site composting is a type of composting which recycle your garden and food waste into a fresh product used for gardening and farming, As the on-site composting doesn’t need skilled techniques and a large amount of the pile, it is mainly used at home. Small quantities of food and yard trimmings can be composted on site. Large quantities of food scraps and animal products are not useful for onsite composting.
Vermicomposting is a type of composting that include decomposing of your organic materials with the help of worms to create compost. Worms used in its process are white worms, red wigglers etc. these earthworms are used into the pile of green and brown materials.
Aerated composting also called as wind-row composting. This type of composting is suitable for large volumes composting. It will yield large amounts of compost, which may need assistance to market the final product.
Most of the wind-rows are set up outside, but sometimes built in shelters and aerated with the help of machines.
It is a type of composting that use a mixture of different types of composting, which can generate a huge size of compost, but the processing in this type of composting is not undergone so easy as done in other composting types as it is created in a system of electrical equipment. Thus, the temperature, aeration adjustments are professionally done.
Why composting so important?
The process of composting is highly beneficial to the environment, not only because it reduces the amount of garden and food waste thrown away, which in turn diminishes the amount of greenhouse gas, however, it’s also an essential part of the nitrogen cycle.
Our trees and plants need rich-soil to grow easily and quickly and build protein. Thus, soil from a compost pile will add to the nitrogen cycle by returning enriched soil.
People compost for so many reasons. Some big reasons like saving on water bills, as compost, naturally retain moisture to the plant than and average soil. Gardeners who use compost pile also but fewer soil fertilizers. Effective compost piles will not attract pests. Depending upon the amount of compost you start with.